The 50s, 60s, and 70s were the dawn of hacking. The 2000s have turned out to be the golden years for constructive hacking.
Main frames, the early computers, batch processing “hulking giants”, could only be operated by button down suits. Early “hacker” computers such as the TX-0 and the PDP series though interactive still lived in the halls of large corporations and university labs. The 70s and 80s brought the availability of Apples, PET Commodores, and TRS-80s allowing hackers everywhere to have a computer even in their home. Once everything started to settle in the 90s and beyond, personal computers were mostly dominated by PC (IBM) clones and Apples. Hacking still lived mainly inside the computer.
A new type of computing has arrived on the scene, I’ll call it external hacking or better making!
The early mechatronic computers were provided by companies such as Microchip, TI, and Motorola, properly called micro controllers. …